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World History Interactive Notebook

Starting with India….

India Cover Page-page 26

india cover page

India Vocabulary-pages 27-28

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Caste-Term for Jati. People put into rankings based on their family and money.
Karma-The idea that a person’s actions will determine what their next life will be when reborn.
Nirvana-Achieving wisdom, ultimate reality and reunited with Great World Soul.
Caste System-Rigid social categories that determine each person’s position in society.
Kshatriyas-Warrior class. Sometimes families from other varnas were allowed into this class.
Sanskirt- Written language developed around 1,000 BCE by Aryans. They wrote down legends and religious chants.
Vaisyas -Common class. Mostly merchants or  farmers.
Hinduism-Major religious system. Beliefs originate from the Aryans. Many Gods and Goddesses. Brahmins most important.
Buddhism-6th century BCE, appeared in Northern India and rivaled Hinduism. Based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama.
Ganesha-Most well known. Remover of Obstacles. God of wisdom and learning. 32 forms.
Brahmins-The top position in India. In charge of religious ceremonies. Richest group.
Reincarnation-Belief that a person’s soul is reborn in a different form after death.
Monsoon-Seasonal winds in India’s climate.
Dharma-Divine law that requires people to do their duty. Higher caste members had to do more.
Untouchables- Dalites- lowest level in society.
Sudras-Largest population of Indians. Most were peasants or worked in manual labor. Limited rights in society.
Rajas-Aryan leaders or princes who created small kingdoms. Fought each other and took women, cattle and treasures.
Aryans- Around 1500 BCE a group of nomadic people described as Indo-European.
Varnas-The 4 major social classes in Aryan society.

India Notes- page 29-Individual notes from Discovery Education

Caste System-page 30


Brahmin-Top position in social hierarchy in charge of religious ceremonies.
Kshatriyas-Warrior and military elite.
Vaisyas- Commoners. Mostly merchants and farmers.
Sudras- Largest population-most were peasants or worked in manual labor. Limited rights in society.
Untouchables -Lowest level of society. Given the worst jobs no one else would do. Collect dead bodies. Treated inhumanly.
What do you believe daily life was like in India? Your opinion.

Siddhartha Gautama-page 31 

What question would you ask him and why? Student’s opinion.

Map of India-page 32


Timeline-page 33

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Hinduism-page 34


arma – The idea that a person’s actions will determine what they will be in the net life.

Dharma – Divine law that requires people to do their duty. More was required of the higher caste members.

Yoga – Spiritual practice that is used as a means to enlightenment.

Gods and Goddesses – Worshipped many gods and goddesses such as Shiva, Vishnu, Ganesha and Surya. Each god had a special story and legend.

Reincarnation -Belief that a person’s soul is reborn into a different form after death.

Comparing Buddhism and Hinduism – page 35


Taj Mahal – page 36

Draw a sketch of the Taj Mahal and  answer the Mastery question:

I can answer these questions about the Taj Mahal:
1) Location
2) Significance
3) Origin

Bubble Notes – page 37

Notes from Discovery Education Unit 3, 6.1, 6.2 or 6.3


China Cover Page – page 39

China Vocabulary – page 40-41

Dynasty – A sequence of rulers from the same family.

Aristocracy – Highest class in a society, often born into this class; citizens who held power and wealth.

Oracle bones – Pieces of turtle bones or shell used to try and predict future events by supernatural means.

Bureaucracy – Government run by multiple non-elected officials.

Bronze casting – Process used in ancient times to create bronze sculptures.

Mandate of Heaven – Belief that heaven kept order in the universe through the Zhou King.

Taotie Mask – One of the most important pieces of bronze casting. They represented a protective force against evil spirits.

Emperor – A sovereign ruler with great power.

Millet – Grown as cereal crop – farmers relied on rainfall to produce rice and millet.

Terracotta Army – Massive collection of clay sculptures representing the army of Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China.

Confucianism – The ideas and philosophy of Confucius – Not spiritual, but ethical. He believed in self-improvement and education.

Daoism – The contemporary version of confucianism based on the teaching of Laozi.

Legalism – The idea that humans were evil by nature and it was necessary to use harsh laws and punishments.

Warlord – A military/civil commander having control of an area due to the presence of armed forces.

Analects – A collection of ideas and sayings attributed to the Chinese philosopher, Confucius.

Great Wall – A series of walls made of stone along the Northern borders of China. Built to stop invaders (Mongols) from entering.

Filial piety – Idea that children should honor and care for their parents.

Genghis Khan – 1206 Elected leader of the Mongol Empire. Made a new legal code, trained 100,000 soldiers, unified the Mongol empire.

Philosophy – The study of the ideas and beliefs of a society.

Ancestors – A person that someone is descended from.

China Timeline – page 42


China Map – page 43 


Dynasties – page 44


Xia- Xia Dynasty lasted nearly 500 years. Marks the end of primitive society and the beginning of dynasties. There wee around 17 Xia emperors. Very little is recorded about the Xia Dynasty.

Zhou-Lasted over 800 years. The longest lasting dynasty. The area was divided into 2 dynasties, the Western Zhou and the Eastern Zhou. This reflected the move of the capitol eastwards to protect it from invaders. This was a period of great intellectual awakening. Laozi, Confucius, and Mancius all lived during this time.

Shang-Lasted just over 750 years. First recorded history in China began with the Shand Dyasty Evidence of impressive building and city structures have been found. Royal tombs and oracle bones were found as well.

Qin-Qin Dynasty was one of the shortest dynasties. Politics changed dramatically. Legalism was adopted as the official ideology. Those who opposed legalism were punished or killed. Strict rules were to be followed, or harsh punishments were given. The Great Wall of China was built during this time.

Ancient China Civilization Overview – page 45


Add your answer at the bottom of the page.

Oracle Bones – page 46


Add your answer under the two small flaps.
Cultural Shift -During the Shang Dynasty, the Chinese had a strong belief in spirits and life after death. They wanted ways to communicate with their ancestors and Gods. This was a major focus during this period of time.

Terracotta Army – page 47


Confucius and Confucianism – page 48


Follow directions on the flap and add your opinion.

Daoism – page 49


Follow directions and add your opinion.

The Great Wall – page 50


*Do you think the Great Wall was effective in keeping out invaders?  This is your opinion.
*Was it worth the cost of creating it? Millions of people were called to build and died-over 400,000. Many were buried inside the wall.
*What are other examples in history where walls were constructed to keep others out? Berlin Wall, walls of Madrid, the walls of Jericho, the Iron Curtain.
*What do we use as “walls” in today’s society? Radar, aerospace, internet security, internet hackers
*Do you think the Great Wall was worth building? Why or why not? Give at least three reasons and use support for your reasoning. This is your opinion.

The Silk Road – page 51


How do you think goods traveled along the silk road? Traders often traveled i groups called “caravans”. They frequently used animals such as camels to move their goods in larger quantities.

Predict hazards that traders faced along the way. Robbers, bad weather, illness, lack of water.

What cultural impact do you think the Silk Road had o China? How did it influence their way of life? New religions were discussed. Buddhist movements occurred along the Silk Road. New technologies and gods were discovered and discussed, items and ideas were traded.

Israel Cover Page 52


Israel Vocabulary: Page 53

Monotheism-Belief that there is only one God for all people.

Ten Lost Tribes-The tribes from the Kingdom of Israel scattered to other parts of the Assyrian Empire after they were conquered. They merged with neighboring people and eventually lost their identity.

Prophets-Jews believed that certain religious teachers (prophets) were sent by God to serve as a voice to his people.

Nomad-A person who moves place to place.

Hebrews-A group of Semitic speaking people, a member of the ancient Hebrew nation. A group who founded the Kingdom of Israel.

Judiasm-A religion that developed among ancient Hebrews that flourished as a world religion. It later influenced Christian and Islamic religions of today.

First Temple-Also known as “Solomon’s Temple” or the “Holy Temple”. This is the most well known contribution King Solomon made and it served as a symbolic center for religion. 

The Torah- The first five books of the bible as well as the most important book in the Judaism religion

Israel Map-Page 54

Question: The Kingdom of Israel was united under Solomon’s rule. What happened after King Solomon’s death? After Solomon’s death, the Northern and Southern tribes split into two separate kingdoms: Northern tribes-Israel and the Southern Tribes-Judah. The Northern tribe’s capitol was Samaria and the Southern tribe’s capitol was Jerusalem.

Influential Individuals and Ideas-Page 55

Yahweh-Known as the one God of Israel, creator of the world and everything in it.

King David-King before Solomon (Solomon’s father). (flourished c. 1000 BCE) He defeated the Philistines and established control over all of Palestine.

King Solomon-Ruled from 970- 930 BC He was a powerful king that greatly strengthened the government and encouraged trade. King David’s son. Best known for building the temple in the city of Jerusalem.

Abraham-Abraham and his followers believed God had promised them a homeland. The Hebrews traced their lineage to Abraham.

Moses-Moses was the Hebrew prophet and leader of the Hebrew people. He received the Ten Commandments according to the Bible. He led the people out of confinement. God made a covenant with Moses.

The Promised Land -The “Promised Land” refers to the land of Canaan. A story in the Bible describes God promising Abraham and his followers a homeland. 

Judaism page 56


Who were the Israelites? There Israelites were located south of the Phoenicians and were a Semitic-speaking group. They were members of the ancient Hebrew nation.

Which religions did Judaism influence over time? How did it influence the Christian Bible? Judaism influenced Christianity and Islamic religions. The history and religious beliefs were recorded in the Hebrew Bible, parts of which are known as the Old Testament in the Christian Bible.

Judaism flourished as a world religion. What was unique about the religion? First monotheistic religion. They belived God controls history. God rewards virtue and wickedness is punished.

What is a monotheistic religion? Religion where only one God is worshipped.

Events Timeline page 57


The Wisdom of Solomon page 58


Question is answered by the student’s opinion.

Major Events Continued…page 59


What caused the Israelites to migrate to Egypt? A drought caused the Israelites to migrate There was an extreme scarcity of food (famine).


Ancient Greece Cover Page
Page 60

Ancient Greece Introduction
Page 61

Ancient Greece Vocabulary
Page 62

Epic – A long poem that tells the story of a hero.

Barbarians – The name given by the Greeks to any people NOT Greek.

Colonies – Areas set up in conquered lands by the Greek city states for use when they themselves became over populated.

Myths – Legends or stories that attempt to explain natural events.

Acropolis – A hilltop fortress in ancient Athens which included the Parthenon and other famous building where citizens meet to discuss the affairs of the community.

Drama – A serious play or theatrical event.

City-State – A self-governing unit made up of a city and its surrounding farmland.

Democracy – A system of government i which the people rule, either directly or through elected representatives.

The Trojan War
page 63


The Trojan War Foldable
page 64




page 65


page 66


The Parthenon
page 67


Adaptation and Socrates
page 68



Ancient Greek Gods


Athena: Great warrior, Goddess of Wisdom, daughter of Zeus,  Athens named after her, symbol-owls, olive tree, armor, helmets, spears.

Poseidon: Trident: 3 pronged spear, parents: Cronus and Rhea. Ruled the sea,  brother of Zeus and Hades, golden chariot.

Hermes: Messenger of Gods, son of Zeus, winged sandals, always getting into mischief.

Ares: God of war, son of Zeus, not a great fighter, Greeks didn’t like Ares, carried a shield, lived on Mt. Olympus.

Zeus: God of sky and lightening, symbol is the thunderbolt, parents are Cronus and Rhea, King of Gods, very wise, threw thunder bolt like spear.

Aphrodite: Goddess of love and beauty, symbol is doves and sparrows, married to Hephaestus, very beautiful, daughter of Zeus.

Hera: Queen of Gods, goddess of marriage, married to Zeus, very bossy, beautiful and graceful.

Artemis: Twin is Apollo, Goddess of moon and hunt, refused to marry.

Hades: God of the underworld and riches, parents are Cronus and Rhea.

Apollo: Twin is Artemis, God of Sun, gold chariot.

Hephaestus: God of fire, made weapons for the gods, married to Aphrodite, worked in volcanoes.

Hestia: Goddess of home and hearth, given keys to Olympus.


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Back to School

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We’ve come a long way since coal stoves and wooden desks…..Its 2017 and we’ll be using computers, iPads and all the technology we can find. I’m looking forward to meeting new students and seeing familiar faces! I’m so excited to teach STEM Explorations/Visual Arts and World History for all of our 6th graders. Back to School Night is Monday August 14, 5:30-7:30 pm, and the first day of school is Wednesday August 16th.

                                                                    COME READY TO LEARN BECAUSE THE….

Knowledge is free……just bring your own container.

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